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Models Home » Domain Usecases » Health Care and Pharmaceuticals » Kinematics Motion Detection

Kinematics Motion Detection

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Model Overview

About Dataset


Smartphones are getting intelligent day by day to assist Human's to aid in their day to day activity. A new feature has emerged popular in the fitness community that keeps an account of one's daily footsteps.

More advanced versions include differentiating between detecting the difference between walking & run. This is achieved with the help of Sensors. Several such Sensor data is recorded with IOS device & labelled as walking or running as 0 or 1.

Currently, the dataset contains a single file which represents 88588 sensor data samples collected from accelerometer and gyroscope from iPhone 5c in 10 seconds interval and ~5.4/second frequency. This data is represented by following columns (each column contains sensor data for one of the sensor's axes):

  • acceleration_x

  • acceleration_y

  • acceleration_z

  • gyro_x

  • gyro_y

  • gyro_z

There is an activity type represented by "activity" column which acts as label and reflects following activities:

  • "0": walking

  • "1": running

Apart of that, the dataset contains "wrist" column which represents the wrist where the device was placed to collect a sample on:

  • "0": left wrist

  • "1": right wrist

Additionally, the dataset contains "date", "time" and "username" columns which provide information about the exact date, time and user which collected these measurements.

Dataset Link:



import pandas as pd
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import seaborn as sns
from mpl_toolkits.mplot3d import Axes3D
from sklearn.metrics import classification_report​

Load Data:

motion_df = pd.read_csv('Kinematics_Data.csv')

Drop Unnecessary Columns:


Shape of Dataset:


The dataset contains 88588 sensor data along with 8 columns.
Search For NULL Values:


There are no null values present in dataset.

Data Types of Columns:


We can see most columns are numerical.

Data Visualization:
Target Variable (Activity):


0: Walking and 1: Running

left_wrist = motion_df[motion_df.wrist == 0]
right_wrist = motion_df[motion_df.wrist == 1]

Gyro Motion:

fig = plt.figure(figsize=(10,7))
ax = fig.add_subplot(111, projection = '3d')
ax.scatter(left_wrist.gyro_x, left_wrist.gyro_y, left_wrist.gyro_z)
plt.title("Left Wrist Gyro Motion",{'fontsize':25});

fig = plt.figure(figsize=(10,7))
ax = fig.add_subplot(111, projection = '3d')
ax.scatter(right_wrist.gyro_x, right_wrist.gyro_y, right_wrist.gyro_z)
plt.title("Right Wrist Gyro Motion",{'fontsize':25});


plt.title("Left wrist and Right wrist acceleration(X&Y)",{'fontsize':25});

Split Data:

Now, we split the data into features (X) and target (y) and then split it into train and test sets.30% of the dataset will be reserved for the test set and remaining data for training purpose.

X = motion_df.drop('activity',axis=1)
y = motion_df.activity

from sklearn.model_selection import train_test_split
X_train,X_test,y_train,y_test = train_test_split(X,y,test_size=0.3)

Model Training:
Logistic Regression:

from sklearn.linear_model import LogisticRegression
log_reg = LogisticRegression(max_iter=3000),y_train)

Accuracy: 86.05184934341725
Classification Report for Logistic Regression:

log_reg_pred = log_reg.predict(X_test)

Rando Forest:

from sklearn.ensemble import RandomForestClassifier
rf = RandomForestClassifier(),y_train)

Accuracy: 99.11577679948827

Classification Report for Random Forest:

rf_pred = rf.predict(X_test)

And finally, random forest the classifier achieved 99.11% accuracy on the test set. So, we choose it for prediction.
Thank You ):